Seeing cars and motorcycles racing on a circuit at high speeds is a common sight. And while engines roar against the burning of rubber on the road, competitors zoom past against each other to reach the finish line, fully confident that their tyres can withstand all the heat.
Then there’re common vehicles in which we travel having normal tyres. That being said, both road and racing tyres need replacement when time comes but when purchasing, can you differ between the two? Let’s explore the variations between road and racing tyres.
Ever tyre carries a complex structure and while they’re made to serve for different purposes, basic anatomy or road and racing tyres are likewise. The area which comes in contact or connected to the metal rim is known as bead. This bead is befitted tightly so as to prevent the air from escaping and maintaining appropriate pressure. It also prevents tyres from breaking off from the rim while driving.
Inner parts are also known as carcass. The resilient structure is forged with steel, nylon, polyester and nylon which gives the tyre stability as well as flexibility to absorb shocks while prevents air pressure from dropping. Multiple layers on top of the carcass offer maximum protection, stability and flexibility altogether.
Among the many brands, Dunlop tyres have treads designed for longevity and protect internal structure from damages and fractures. Rubber on the treads forms a different pattern whereas grooves circle around the tyre’s circumference to dispel the water and maintain maximum grip/traction on the road.
These are a few similarities but, many features make road and racing tyres different from one another.
Taller, wider and rigid structure defines Formula 1 tyres which contribute to better grip and higher speed for racing. These tyres are specifically developed for high-performance and endurance driving under extreme circumstances. Racing tyres aren’t meant to last for longer distances but for best performance and sharp turns.
There’re more or less six different variations in tyre that can be chosen by Formula 1 team. Those that differ from the super soft are made for extreme high speeds however, these tyres deteriorate quickly as compared to those forged from harder compound; these offer less traction but more durability. Then there’re wet and intermediate tyres having deeper treads which makes them perfect for wetter terrains.
A standard car tyre made for road travel can dispel at least 15-litres of water per second whereas typical Formula 1 can shun 60-litres; the difference is thus clear. This is a reason wet tyres use bigger and deeper treads, forged with softer rubber. The tyre heats up pretty fast which is yet another advantage for drivers to get a grip on track.
Motorcycle tyres are very different since it requires balancing the entire vehicle only on two wheels and at extreme angles. With longer curves, both tyres strain a lot whereas during a race, one of the sides achieves a higher maximum temperature than the other tyre. Dunlop tyres made for motorcycles are forged from different compounds depending on the grip, strain and temperature to cope with. All the features result in a perfect and stable tyre.
For motorcycle or a car, now you can easily choose between the road and racing tyres based on their differences.